Subscribe Free

Join 2670+ others. No spamming.
I promise!

We are currently under high development. Follow us at github.


Looking for Python Tutorials?
Check these awesome tutorials



google/flexbox-layout

4998

google / flexbox-layout

Java

Flexbox for Android


READ ME

FlexboxLayout

Circle CI Download

FlexboxLayout is a library project which brings the similar capabilities of CSS Flexible Box Layout Module to Android.

Installation

Add the following dependency to your build.gradle file:

Stable

dependencies {
    compile 'com.google.android:flexbox:0.2.6'
}

OR

Alpha including RecyclerView integration

dependencies {
    compile 'com.google.android:flexbox:0.3.0-alpha3'
}

See the RecyclerView integration page for more details about using Flexbox inside the RecyclerView.

Usage

FlexboxLayout extends the ViewGroup like LinearLayout and RelativeLayout. You can specify the attributes from a layout XML like:

<com.google.android.flexbox.FlexboxLayout
    xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    app:flexWrap="wrap"
    app:alignItems="stretch"
    app:alignContent="stretch" >

    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/textview1"
        android:layout_width="120dp"
        android:layout_height="80dp"
        app:layout_flexBasisPercent="50%"
        />

    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/textview2"
        android:layout_width="80dp"
        android:layout_height="80dp"
        app:layout_alignSelf="center"
        />

    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/textview3"
        android:layout_width="160dp"
        android:layout_height="80dp"
        app:layout_alignSelf="flex_end"
        />
</com.google.android.flexbox.FlexboxLayout>

Or from code like:

FlexboxLayout flexboxLayout = (FlexboxLayout) findViewById(R.id.flexbox_layout);
flexboxLayout.setFlexDirection(FlexboxLayout.FLEX_DIRECTION_COLUMN);

View view = flexboxLayout.getChildAt(0);
FlexboxLayout.LayoutParams lp = (FlexboxLayout.LayoutParams) view.getLayoutParams();
lp.order = -1;
lp.flexGrow = 2;
view.setLayoutParams(lp);

Supported attributes

Attributes for the FlexboxLayout:

  • flexDirection

    • This attribute determines the direction of the main axis (and the cross axis, perpendicular to the main axis). The direction children items are placed inside the Flexbox layout. Possible values are:

      • row (default)
      • row_reverse
      • column
      • column_reverse

      Flex Direction explanation

  • flexWrap

    • This attribute controls whether the flex container is single-line or multi-line, and the direction of the cross axis. Possible values are:

      • nowrap (default)
      • wrap
      • wrap_reverse

      Flex Wrap explanation

  • justifyContent

    • This attribute controls the alignment along the main axis. Possible values are:

      • flex_start (default)
      • flex_end
      • center
      • space_between
      • space_around

      Justify Content explanation

  • alignItems

    • This attribute controls the alignment along the cross axis. Possible values are:

      • stretch (default)
      • flex_start
      • flex_end
      • center
      • baseline

      Align Items explanation

  • alignContent

    • This attribute controls the alignment of the flex lines in the flex container. Possible values are:

      • stretch (default)
      • flex_start
      • flex_end
      • center
      • space_between
      • space_around

      Align Content explanation

  • showDividerHorizontal (one or more of none | beginning | middle | end)

  • dividerDrawableHorizontal (reference to a drawable)

    • Puts horizontal dividers between flex lines (or flex items when flexDirection is set to column or column_rebase).
  • showDividerVertical (one or more of none | beginning | middle | end)

  • dividerDrawableVertical (reference to a drawable)

    • Puts vertical dividers between flex items (or flex lines when flexDirection is set to column or column_rebase).
  • showDivider (one or more of none | beginning | middle | end)

  • dividerDrawable (reference to a drawable)

    • Shorthand for setting both horizontal and vertical dividers. Note that if used with other attributes (such as justifyContent="space_around" or alignContent="space_between" ... etc) for putting spaces between flex lines or flex items, you may see unexpected spaces. Please avoid using these at the same time.

    Example of putting both vertical and horizontal dividers.

    res/drawable/divider.xml

    <shape xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android">
      <size
          android:width="8dp"
          android:height="12dp" />
      <solid android:color="#44A444" />
    </shape> 

    res/layout/content_main.xml

    <com.google.android.flexbox.FlexboxLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
      xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
      android:layout_width="match_parent"
      android:layout_height="match_parent"
      app:alignContent="flex_start"
      app:alignItems="flex_start"
      app:flexWrap="wrap"
      app:showDivider="beginning|middle"
      app:dividerDrawable="@drawable/divider" >
    
      <TextView
          style="@style/FlexItem"
          android:layout_width="220dp"
          android:layout_height="80dp"
          android:text="1" />
      <TextView
          style="@style/FlexItem"
          android:layout_width="120dp"
          android:layout_height="80dp"
          android:text="2" />
      <TextView
          style="@style/FlexItem"
          android:layout_width="160dp"
          android:layout_height="80dp"
          android:text="3" />
      <TextView
          style="@style/FlexItem"
          android:layout_width="80dp"
          android:layout_height="80dp"
          android:text="4" />
      <TextView
          style="@style/FlexItem"
          android:layout_width="100dp"
          android:layout_height="80dp"
          android:text="5" />

    Dividers beginning and middle

Attributes for the children of a FlexboxLayout

  • layout_order (integer)

    • This attribute can change how the ordering of the children views are laid out. By default, children are displayed and laid out in the same order as they appear in the layout XML. If not specified, 1 is set as a default value.

      Order explanation

  • layout_flexGrow (float)

    • This attribute determines how much this child will grow if positive free space is distributed relative to the rest of other flex items included in the same flex line. If a flex item has a positive layout_flexGrow value, the item will take up the remaining space in the flex line. If multiple flex items in the same flex line have positive layout_flexGrow values, the remaining free space is distributed depending on the proportion of their declared layout_flexGrow value. (Similar to the layout_weight attribute in the LinearLayout) If not specified, 0 is set as a default value.

      Flex Grow explanation

  • layout_flexShrink (float)

    • This attribute determines how much this child will shrink if negative free space is distributed relative to the rest of other flex items included in the same flex line. If not specified, 1 is set as a default value.

      Flex Shrink explanation

  • layout_alignSelf

    • This attribute determines the alignment along the cross axis (perpendicular to the main axis). The alignment in the same direction can be determined by the alignItems in the parent, but if this is set to other than auto, the cross axis alignment is overridden for this child. Possible values are:

      • auto (default)
      • flex_start
      • flex_end
      • center
      • baseline
      • stretch

      Align Self explanation

  • layout_flexBasisPercent (fraction)

    • The initial flex item length in a fraction format relative to its parent. The initial main size of this child view is trying to be expanded as the specified fraction against the parent main size. If this value is set, the length specified from layout_width (or layout_height) is overridden by the calculated value from this attribute. This attribute is only effective when the parent's length is definite (MeasureSpec mode is MeasureSpec.EXACTLY). The default value is -1, which means not set.

      Flex basis percent explanation

  • layout_minWidth / layout_minHeight (dimension)

    • These attributes impose minimum size constraints for the children of FlexboxLayout. A child view won't be shrank less than the value of these attributes (varies based on the flexDirection attribute as to which attribute imposes the size constraint along the main axis) regardless of the layout_flexShrink attribute.

      Min width explanation

  • layout_maxWidth / layout_maxHeight (dimension)

    • These attributes impose maximum size constraints for the children of FlexboxLayout. A child view won't be expanded more than the value of these attributes (varies based on the flexDirection attribute as to which attribute imposes the size constraint along the main axis) regardless of the layout_flexGrow attribute.

      Max width explanation

  • layout_wrapBefore (boolean)

    • This attribute forces a flex line wrapping, the default value is false. i.e. if this is set to true for a flex item, the item will become the first item of a flex line. (A wrapping happens regardless of the flex items being processed in the the previous flex line) This attribute is ignored if the flex_wrap attribute is set to nowrap. The equivalent attribute isn't defined in the original CSS Flexible Box Module specification, but having this attribute is useful for Android developers. For example, to flatten the layouts when building a grid like layout or for a situation where developers want to put a new flex line to make a semantic difference from the previous one, etc.

      Wrap before explanation

Known differences from the original CSS specification

This library tries to achieve the same capabilities of the original Flexible Box specification as much as possible, but due to some reasons such as the way specifying attributes can't be the same between CSS and Android XML, there are some known differences from the original specification.

(1) There is no flex-flow equivalent attribute

  • Because flex-flow is a shorthand for setting the flex-direction and flex-wrap properties, specifying two attributes from a single attribute is not practical in Android.

(2) There is no flex equivalent attribute

  • Likewise flex is a shorthand for setting the flex-grow, flex-shrink and flex-basis, specifying those attributes from a single attribute is not practical.

(3) layout_flexBasisPercent is introduced instead of flexBasis

  • Both layout_flexBasisPercent in this library and flex-basis property in the CSS are used to determine the initial length of an individual flex item. The flex-basis property accepts width values such as 1em, 10px, and content as strings as well as percentage values such as 10% and 30%. layout_flexBasisPercent only accepts percentage values. However, specifying initial fixed width values can be done by specifying width (or height) values in layout_width (or layout_height, varies depending on the flexDirection). Also, the same effect can be done by specifying "wrap_content" in layout_width (or layout_height) if developers want to achieve the same effect as 'content'. Thus, layout_flexBasisPercent only accepts percentage values, which can't be done through layout_width (or layout_height) for simplicity.

(4) layout_wrapBefore is introduced.

  • The equivalent attribute doesn't exist in the CSS Flexible Box Module specification, but as explained above, Android developers will benefit by having this attribute for having more control over when a wrapping happens.

Flexbox Playground demo app

The app module works as a playground demo app for trying various values for the supported attributes. You can install it by

./gradlew installDebug

How to make contributions

Please read and follow the steps in CONTRIBUTING.md

License

Please see LICENSE