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reagent-project/reagent

READ ME

Reagent

A simple ClojureScript interface to React.

Reagent provides a way to write efficient React components using (almost) nothing but plain ClojureScript functions.

To create a new Reagent project simply run:

lein new reagent myproject

This will setup a new Reagent project with some reasonable defaults, see here for more details.

To use Reagent in an existing project you add this to your dependencies in project.clj:

Clojars Project

This is all you need to do if you want the standard version of React. If you want the version of React with addons, you'd use something like this instead:

[reagent "0.5.1" :exclusions [cljsjs/react]]
[cljsjs/react-with-addons "0.13.3-0"]

If you want to use your own build of React (or React from a CDN), you have to use :exclusions variant of the dependency, and also provide a file named "cljsjs/react.cljs", containing just (ns cljsjs.react), in your project.

Examples

Reagent uses Hiccup-like markup instead of React's sort-of html. It looks like this:

(defn some-component []
  [:div
   [:h3 "I am a component!"]
   [:p.someclass 
    "I have " [:strong "bold"]
    [:span {:style {:color "red"}} " and red"]
    " text."]])

Reagent extends standard Hiccup in one way: it is possible to "squeeze" elements together by using a > character.

[:div
  [:p
    [:b "Nested Element"]]]

can be written as:

[:div>p>b "Nested Element"]

You can use one component inside another:

(defn calling-component []
  [:div "Parent component"
   [some-component]])

And pass properties from one component to another:

(defn child [name]
  [:p "Hi, I am " name])

(defn childcaller []
  [child "Foo Bar"])

You mount the component into the DOM like this:

(defn mountit []
  (reagent/render-component [childcaller]
                            (.-body js/document)))

assuming we have imported Reagent like this:

(ns example
  (:require [reagent.core :as r]))

State is handled using Reagent's version of atom, like this:

(defonce click-count (r/atom 0))

(defn state-ful-with-atom []
  [:div {:on-click #(swap! click-count inc)}
   "I have been clicked " @click-count " times."])

Any component that dereferences a reagent.core/atom will be automatically re-rendered.

If you want do some setting up when the component is first created, the component function can return a new function that will be called to do the actual rendering:

(defn timer-component []
  (let [seconds-elapsed (r/atom 0)]
    (fn []
      (js/setTimeout #(swap! seconds-elapsed inc) 1000)
      [:div
       "Seconds Elapsed: " @seconds-elapsed])))

This way you can avoid using React's lifecycle callbacks like getInitialState and componentWillMount most of the time.

But you can still use them if you want to, either using reagent.core/create-class or by attaching meta-data to a component function:

(defonce my-html (r/atom ""))

(defn plain-component []
  [:p "My html is " @my-html])

(def component-with-callback
  (with-meta plain-component
    {:component-did-mount
     (fn [this]
       (reset! my-html (.-innerHTML (reagent/dom-node this))))}))

See the examples directory for more examples.

Performance

React is pretty darn fast, and so is Reagent. It should even be faster than plain old javascript React a lot of the time, since ClojureScript allows us to skip a lot of unnecessary rendering (through judicious use of React's shouldComponentUpdate).

The ClojureScript overhead is kept down, thanks to lots of caching.

Code size is a little bigger than React.js, but still quite small. The todomvc example clocks in at roughly 53K gzipped, using advanced compilation.

About

The idea and some of the code for making components atom-like comes from pump. The reactive-atom idea (and some code) comes from reflex.

The license is MIT.