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shadowsocks / shadowsocks-libev


libev port of shadowsocks




Shadowsocks-libev is a lightweight secured socks5 proxy for embedded devices and low end boxes.

It is a port of shadowsocks created by @clowwindy maintained by @madeye and @linusyang.

Current version: 2.4.1 | Changelog

Travis CI: Travis CI | Jenkins Matrix: Jenkins


Shadowsocks-libev is writen in pure C and only depends on libev and openssl or polarssl.

In normal usage, the memory footprint is about 600KB and the CPU utilization is no more than 5% on a low-end router (Buffalo WHR-G300N V2 with a 400MHz MIPS CPU, 32MB memory and 4MB flash).


Notes about PolarSSL

  • Default crypto library is OpenSSL. To build against PolarSSL, specify --with-crypto-library=polarssl and --with-polarssl=/path/to/polarssl when running ./configure.
  • PolarSSL 1.2.5 or newer is required. Currently, PolarSSL does NOT support CAST5-CFB, DES-CFB, IDEA-CFB, RC2-CFB and SEED-CFB.
  • RC4 is only support by PolarSSL 1.3.0 or above.

Debian & Ubuntu

Install from repository

Add GPG public key:

wget -O- | sudo apt-key add -

Add either of the following lines to your /etc/apt/sources.list

# Ubuntu 14.04 or above
deb trusty main

# Debian Wheezy, Ubuntu 12.04 or any distribution with libssl > 1.0.1
deb wheezy main


sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install shadowsocks-libev

Build deb package from source

Supported Platforms:

  • Debian 7 (see below), 8, unstable
  • Ubuntu 14.04 (see below), Ubuntu 14.10, 15.04, 15.10 or higher

Note for Ubuntu 14.04 users: Packages built on Ubuntu 14.04 may be used in later Ubuntu versions. However, packages built on Debian 7/8/9 or Ubuntu 14.10+ cannot be installed on Ubuntu 14.04.

Note for Debian 7.x users: To build packages on Debian 7 (Wheezy), you need to enable debian-backports to install systemd-compatibility packages like dh-systemd or init-system-helpers. Please follow the instructions on Debian Backports.

This also means that you can only install those built packages on systems that have init-system-helpers installed.

Otherwise, try to build and install directly from source. See the Linux section below.

cd shadowsocks-libev
sudo apt-get install build-essential autoconf libtool libssl-dev \
    gawk debhelper dh-systemd init-system-helpers
dpkg-buildpackage -us -uc -i
cd ..
sudo dpkg -i shadowsocks-libev*.deb

Configure and start the service

# Edit the configuration file
sudo vim /etc/shadowsocks-libev/config.json

# Edit the default configuration for debian
sudo vim /etc/default/shadowsocks-libev

# Start the service
sudo /etc/init.d/shadowsocks-libev start    # for sysvinit, or
sudo systemctl start shasowsocks-libev      # for systemd

Fedora & RHEL

Supported distributions include

  • Fedora 20, 21, rawhide
  • RHEL 6, 7 and derivatives (including CentOS, Scientific Linux)

Install from repository

Enable repo via dnf:

su -c 'dnf copr enable librehat/shadowsocks'

Or download yum repo on Fedora Copr and put it inside /etc/yum.repos.d/. The release Epel is for RHEL and its derivatives.

Then, install shadowsocks-libev via dnf:

su -c 'dnf update'
su -c 'dnf install shadowsocks-libev'

or yum:

su -c 'yum update'
su -c 'yum install shadowsocks-libev'


sudo pacman -S shadowsocks-libev

Please refer to downstream PKGBUILD file for any extra modifications.


For Unix-like systems, especially Debian-based systems, e.g. Ubuntu, Debian or Linux Mint, you can build the binary like this:

sudo apt-get install build-essential autoconf libtool libssl-dev
./configure && make
sudo make install


cd /usr/ports/net/shadowsocks-libev
make install

Edit your config.json file. By default, it's located in /usr/local/etc/shadowsocks-libev

To enable shadowsocks-libev, add the following rc variable to your /etc/rc.conf file.


Start the shadowsocks server:

service shadowsocks_libev start


# At OpenWRT build root
pushd package
git clone

# Enable shadowsocks-libev in network category 
make menuconfig

# Optional
make -j

# Build the package
make V=99 package/shadowsocks-libev/openwrt/compile


For OS X, use Homebrew to install or build.

Install homebrew

ruby -e "$(curl -fsSL"

Install shadowsocks-libev

brew install shadowsocks-libev


For Windows, use either MinGW (msys) or Cygwin to build. At the moment, only ss-local is supported to build against MinGW (msys).

If you are using MinGW (msys), please download OpenSSL or PolarSSL source tarball to the home directory of msys, and build it like this (may take a few minutes):


tar zxf openssl-1.0.1e.tar.gz
cd openssl-1.0.1e
./config --prefix="$HOME/prebuilt" --openssldir="$HOME/prebuilt/openssl"
make && make install


tar zxf polarssl-1.3.2-gpl.tgz
cd polarssl-1.3.2
make lib WINDOWS=1
make install DESTDIR="$HOME/prebuilt"

Then, build the binary using the commands below, and all .exe files will be built at $HOME/ss/bin:


./configure --prefix="$HOME/ss" --with-openssl="$HOME/prebuilt"
make && make install


./configure --prefix="$HOME/ss" --with-crypto-library=polarssl --with-polarssl=$HOME/prebuilt
make && make install



       -s <server_host>           host name or ip address of your remote server

       -p <server_port>           port number of your remote server

       -l <local_port>            port number of your local server

       -k <password>              password of your remote server

       [-m <encrypt_method>]      encrypt method: table, rc4, rc4-md5,
                                  aes-128-cfb, aes-192-cfb, aes-256-cfb,
                                  bf-cfb, camellia-128-cfb, camellia-192-cfb,
                                  camellia-256-cfb, cast5-cfb, des-cfb, idea-cfb,
                                  rc2-cfb, seed-cfb, salsa20 and chacha20

       [-f <pid_file>]            the file path to store pid

       [-t <timeout>]             socket timeout in seconds

       [-c <config_file>]         the path to config file

       [-i <interface>]           network interface to bind,
                                  not available in redir mode

       [-b <local_address>]       local address to bind,
                                  not available in server mode

       [-u]                       enable udprelay mode,
                                  TPROXY is required in redir mode

       [-U]                       enable UDP relay and disable TCP relay,
                                  not available in local mode

       [-A]                       enable onetime authentication

       [-L <addr>:<port>]         specify destination server address and port
                                  for local port forwarding,
                                  only available in tunnel mode

       [-d <addr>]                setup name servers for internal DNS resolver,
                                  only available in server mode

       [--fast-open]              enable TCP fast open,
                                  only available in local and server mode,
                                  with Linux kernel > 3.7.0

       [--acl <acl_file>]         config file of ACL (Access Control List)
                                  only available in local and server mode

       [--manager-address <addr>] UNIX domain socket address
                                  only available in server and manager mode

       [--executable <path>]      path to the executable of ss-server
                                  only available in manager mode

       [-v]                       verbose mode


    ss-redir provides a transparent proxy function and only works on the 
    Linux platform with iptables.

Advanced usage

The latest shadowsocks-libev has provided a redir mode. You can configure your Linux-based box or router to proxy all tcp traffic transparently.

# Create new chain
root@Wrt:~# iptables -t nat -N SHADOWSOCKS
root@Wrt:~# iptables -t mangle -N SHADOWSOCKS

# Ignore your shadowsocks server's addresses
# It's very IMPORTANT, just be careful.
root@Wrt:~# iptables -t nat -A SHADOWSOCKS -d -j RETURN

# Ignore LANs and any other addresses you'd like to bypass the proxy
# See Wikipedia and RFC5735 for full list of reserved networks.
# See ashi009/bestroutetb for a highly optimized CHN route list.
root@Wrt:~# iptables -t nat -A SHADOWSOCKS -d -j RETURN
root@Wrt:~# iptables -t nat -A SHADOWSOCKS -d -j RETURN
root@Wrt:~# iptables -t nat -A SHADOWSOCKS -d -j RETURN
root@Wrt:~# iptables -t nat -A SHADOWSOCKS -d -j RETURN
root@Wrt:~# iptables -t nat -A SHADOWSOCKS -d -j RETURN
root@Wrt:~# iptables -t nat -A SHADOWSOCKS -d -j RETURN
root@Wrt:~# iptables -t nat -A SHADOWSOCKS -d -j RETURN
root@Wrt:~# iptables -t nat -A SHADOWSOCKS -d -j RETURN

# Anything else should be redirected to shadowsocks's local port
root@Wrt:~# iptables -t nat -A SHADOWSOCKS -p tcp -j REDIRECT --to-ports 12345

# Add any UDP rules
root@Wrt:~# ip rule add fwmark 0x01/0x01 table 100
root@Wrt:~# ip route add local dev lo table 100
root@Wrt:~# iptables -t mangle -A SHADOWSOCKS -p udp --dport 53 -j TPROXY --on-port 12345 --tproxy-mark 0x01/0x01

# Apply the rules
root@Wrt:~# iptables -t nat -A PREROUTING -p tcp -j SHADOWSOCKS
root@Wrt:~# iptables -t mangle -A PREROUTING -j SHADOWSOCKS

# Start the shadowsocks-redir
root@Wrt:~# ss-redir -u -c /etc/config/shadowsocks.json -f /var/run/

Security Tips

Although shadowsocks-libev can handle thousands of concurrent connections nicely, we still recommend to set up your server's firewall rules to limit connections from each user.

# Up to 32 connections are enough for normal usages
iptables -A INPUT -p tcp --syn --dport ${SHADOWSOCKS_PORT} -m connlimit --connlimit-above 32 -j REJECT --reject-with tcp-reset


Copyright (C) 2015 Max Lv

This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program. If not, see